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Giotto's Peruzzi altarpiece

The Peruzzi altarpiece at the North Carolina Museum of Art, created by Giotto and assistants.

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Peruzzi Altarpiece: Christ Blessing, Giotto di Bondone and Assistants, 1310, Tempera and gold leaf on panel, 250.2cm x 105.7cm



  • Rachel Kase changed Note #749 from "Though the provenance of the present altarpiece has been the subject of disagreement among art historians, recent scholarship affirms that it was painted for the Peruzzi family chapel in the church of Santa Croce in Florence. Giotto completed several frescoes in the church's four chapels during the same period at which the present work was made. The Peruzzi chapel was dedicated to St. John the Baptist and St. John the Evangelist, which would make the altarpiece's inclusion of these two saints fitting. In the mid-fifteenth century, Lorenzo Ghiberti recorded four paintings and four chapels painted by Giotto in the church, but it unknown whether the present altarpiece was one of the paintings to which he referred. " to "Though the provenance of the present altarpiece has been the subject of some disagreement among art historians, recent scholarship affirms that it was painted for the Peruzzi family chapel in the church of Santa Croce in Florence. William Suida first proposed this idea in 1931, observing that the the Peruzzi chapel was dedicated to St. John the Baptist and St. John the Evangelist, which would make the altarpiece's inclusion of these two saints fitting. Furthermore, Giotto completed several frescoes in the church's four chapels during the same period at which the present work was made. In the mid-fifteenth century, Lorenzo Ghiberti recorded four paintings and four chapels painted by Giotto in the church, though it is unknown whether the present altarpiece was one of the paintings to which he referred. " on 08/07/2017

1310 — Unknown

Though the provenance of the present altarpiece has been the subject of some disagreement among art historians, recent scholarship affirms that it was painted for the Peruzzi family chapel in the church of Santa Croce in Florence. William Suida first proposed this idea in 1931, observing that the the Peruzzi chapel was dedicated to St. John the Baptist and St. John the Evangelist, which would make the altarpiece's inclusion of these two saints fitting. Furthermore, Giotto completed several frescoes in the church's four chapels during the same period at which the present work was made. In the mid-fifteenth century, Lorenzo Ghiberti recorded four paintings and four chapels painted by Giotto in the church, though it is unknown whether the present altarpiece was one of the paintings to which he referred.

by Rachel Kase 08/07/2017


Unknown — 1945

With Frederic Stephens's widow, Jean Stephens, from 1940-1945.

by Rachel Kase 08/07/2017


1952 — 1960

Gift of the Samuel H. Kress Foundation to the National Gallery of Art in 1952; deaccessioned and returned to the Kress Foundation in 1960.

by Rachel Kase 08/07/2017


1961 — Present Day

NCMA object number: GL.60.17.7 http://ncartmuseum.org/art/detail/the_peruzzi_altarpiece K-No.: K-1424

by Rachel Kase 08/07/2017


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Peruzzi Altarpiece: St. John the Baptist, Giotto di Bondone and Assistants, 1310, Tempera and gold on wood, 250.2cm x 105.7cm



  • Rachel Kase changed Note #757 from "Sold to Leon Schinasi by Jacques Goudstikker; with his widow, Ruby Smith Salmon Schinasi until her sale with Parke-Bernet on November 4, 1944 (lots 312-314, in which the Virgin panel was described incorrectly as Mary Magdalene)." to "Sold to Leon Schinasi by Jacques Goudstikker; with his widow, Ruby Smith Salmon Schinasi until her sale with Parke-Bernet on November 4, 1944 (lots 312-314). " on 08/07/2017

1310 — Unknown

Current scholarship dates the Peruzzi altarpiece to circa 1309-1315.

by Rachel Kase 08/07/2017


1921 — Unknown

With the present owner (possibly Baron Paul de Remy-Becker) by 1921.

by Rachel Kase 08/07/2017


1922 — Unknown

With the present owner by 1922.

by Rachel Kase 08/07/2017


1930 — Unknown

With the present owner by April 1930.

by Rachel Kase 08/07/2017


Unknown — 1944

Sold to Leon Schinasi by Jacques Goudstikker; with his widow, Ruby Smith Salmon Schinasi until her sale with Parke-Bernet on November 4, 1944 (lots 312-314).

by Rachel Kase 08/07/2017


1947 — Unknown

With the present owner by February 1947.

by Rachel Kase 08/07/2017


1947 — 1952

Acquired by the Samuel H. Kress Foundation from Wildenstein on October 30, 1947.

by Rachel Kase 08/07/2017


1961 — Present Day

NCMA object number: GL.60.17.7 http://ncartmuseum.org/art/detail/the_peruzzi_altarpiece K-No.: K-1444

by Rachel Kase 08/07/2017


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Peruzzi Altarpiece: St. John the Evangelist, Giotto di Bondone and Assistants, 1310, Tempera and gold leaf on panel, 250.2cm x 105.7cm



  • Rachel Kase changed Note #764 from "With the present owner's widow, Ruby Smith Salmon Schinasi, until her sale in 1944." to "Sold to Leon Schinasi by Jacques Goudstikker; with his widow, Ruby Smith Salmon Schinasi until her sale with Parke-Bernet on November 4, 1944 (lots 312-314). " on 08/07/2017
  • Rachel Kase changed Note #765 from " NCMA object number: GL.60.17.7 http://ncartmuseum.org/art/detail/the_peruzzi_altarpiece K-No.: K-1441" to "NCMA object number: GL.60.17.7 http://ncartmuseum.org/art/detail/the_peruzzi_altarpiece K-No.: K-1441" on 08/07/2017

1310 — Unknown

Current scholarship dates the Peruzzi altarpiece to circa 1309-1315.

by Rachel Kase 08/07/2017


1921 — Unknown

With the present owner (possibly Baron Paul de Remy-Becker) by 1921.

by Rachel Kase 08/07/2017


1922 — Unknown

With the present owner by 1922.

by Rachel Kase 08/07/2017


1930 — Unknown

With the present owner by April 1930.

by Rachel Kase 08/07/2017


Unknown — 1944

Sold to Leon Schinasi by Jacques Goudstikker; with his widow, Ruby Smith Salmon Schinasi until her sale with Parke-Bernet on November 4, 1944 (lots 312-314).

by Rachel Kase 08/07/2017


1947 — 1947

With the present owner by February 1947.

by Rachel Kase 08/07/2017


1947 — 1952

Acquired by the Samuel H. Kress Foundation from Wildenstein on October 30, 1947.

by Rachel Kase 08/07/2017


1961 — Present Day

NCMA object number: GL.60.17.7 http://ncartmuseum.org/art/detail/the_peruzzi_altarpiece K-No.: K-1441

by Rachel Kase 08/07/2017


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Peruzzi Altarpiece: The Virgin, Giotto di Bondone and Assistants, 1310, Tempera and gold leaf on panel, 250.2cm x 105.7cm



1310 — Unknown

Current scholarship dates the Peruzzi altarpiece to circa 1309-1315.

by Rachel Kase 08/07/2017


1921 — Unknown

With the present owner (possibly Baron Paul de Remy-Becker) by 1921.

by Rachel Kase 08/07/2017


1922 — Unknown

With the present owner by 1922.

by Rachel Kase 08/07/2017


1930 — Unknown

With the present owner by April 1930.

by Rachel Kase 08/07/2017


Unknown — 1944

Sold to Leon Schinasi by Jacques Goudstikker; with his widow, Ruby Smith Salmon Schinasi until her sale with Parke-Bernet on November 4, 1944 (lots 312-314, in which the Virgin panel was described incorrectly as Mary Magdalene).

by Rachel Kase 08/07/2017


1947 — 1947

With the present owner by February 1947.

by Rachel Kase 08/07/2017


1947 — 1952

Acquired by the Samuel H. Kress Foundation from Wildenstein on October 30, 1947.

by Rachel Kase 08/07/2017


1961 — Present Day

NCMA object number: GL.60.17.7 http://ncartmuseum.org/art/detail/the_peruzzi_altarpiece K-No.: K-1442

by Rachel Kase 08/07/2017


Aws4 request&x amz signedheaders=host&x amz signature=eca8369a4cca77ad08474026d8035d52834757dd47087bd7811b78378c04e006

Peruzzi Altarpiece: St. Francis, Giotto di Bondone and Assistants, 1310, Tempera and gold leaf on panel, 250.2cm x 105.7cm



  • Rachel Kase changed Note #767 from "In storage in London from 1940 through September 1945 while owned by Jacques Goudstikker's widow, Desi. " to "In storage in London from 1940 through September 1945 while owned by Jacques Goudstikker's widow, Desi Goudstikker. " on 08/07/2017
  • Rachel Kase changed Note #772 from "The St. Francis panel remains in the best condition of its companions. Many scholars have also taken note of the superior execution of his figure in comparison with the others, likely related to the degree to which Giotto himself participated in each. NCMA object number: GL.60.17.7 http://ncartmuseum.org/art/detail/the_peruzzi_altarpiece K-No.: K-1443" to "The St. Francis panel remains in the best condition of its companions. Many scholars have also taken note of the superior execution of its figure in comparison with the others, likely related to the degree to which Giotto versus his studio participated in each. NCMA object number: GL.60.17.7 http://ncartmuseum.org/art/detail/the_peruzzi_altarpiece K-No.: K-1443" on 08/07/2017

1310 — Unknown

Current scholarship dates the Peruzzi altarpiece to circa 1309-1315.

by Rachel Kase 08/07/2017


1921 — Unknown

With the present owner (possibly Baron Paul de Remy-Becker) by 1921.

by Rachel Kase 08/07/2017


1922 — Unknown

With the present owner by 1922.

by Rachel Kase 08/07/2017


1930 — 1940

With the present owner by April 1930.

by Rachel Kase 08/07/2017


1940 — 1945

In storage in London from 1940 through September 1945 while owned by Jacques Goudstikker's widow, Desi Goudstikker.

by Rachel Kase 08/07/2017


1945 — 1946

On loan to Smith College from September 1945 until November 8, 1946 while owned by Desi Goudstikker.

by Rachel Kase 08/07/2017


1946 — 1947

Consigned by Goudstikker to Rosenberg and Stiebel by November 21, 1946.

by Rachel Kase 08/07/2017


1947 — 1947

Acquired by Wildenstein by April 10, 1947.

by Rachel Kase 08/07/2017


1947 — 1952

Acquired from Wildenstein by Kress on October 30, 1947.

by Rachel Kase 08/07/2017


1952 — 1960

Gifted by the Kress Foundation to the National Gallery of Art in 1952.

by Rachel Kase 08/07/2017


1961 — Present Day

The St. Francis panel remains in the best condition of its companions. Many scholars have also taken note of the superior execution of its figure in comparison with the others, likely related to the degree to which Giotto versus his studio participated in each. NCMA object number: GL.60.17.7 http://ncartmuseum.org/art/detail/the_peruzzi_altarpiece K-No.: K-1443

by Rachel Kase 08/07/2017


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